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Compostability, Bioplastics, And Biodegradability – Do You Know The Difference?
Compostability, Bioplastics, And Biodegradability – Do You Know The Difference?

Compostability, Bioplastics, And Biodegradability – Do You Know The Difference?

We are thrilled that you landed on our blog. Generally, there are of course more articles on coffee pods, coffee and compostable Nespresso pods. Other meaningful posts on sustainable coffee capsules are e.g. from leading media publishers, or Moving Beans. Do go through our pertinent article on Nespresso pods.

We are frequently being asked what bioplastics are, or what is the significance of an item being compostable or naturally degradable? Exists any relationship between bioplastics and biodegradability? How should we customers deal with these items?

In this blog site, we attempt to break down these concepts through easy descriptions that will hopefully assist you better comprehend their meaning and be more knowledgeable about the options you are taking as a customer. Let’s go step by step:

BIOPLASTICS.

These are materials that are either derived from biomass (e.g. plants, such as corn or sugarcane) or are biodegradable; or undoubtedly feature both homes. They differ from conventional plastics because the latter are made from fossil oil (petrol). The advantages of using renewable products to produce bioplastics are: boost in resource efficiency (e.g. use of biomass for various purposes), reduction of the carbon footprint and greenhouse gas emissions (those that significantly contribute to environment modification); and saving fossil resources by slowly replacing them.

BIODEGRADABLE.

Biodegradation is a process – a chemical procedure – during which bacteria that are offered in the environment transform products into natural compounds such as water, co2, and compost (artificial additives are not needed). The procedure of biodegradation depends on the surrounding environmental conditions (e.g. location or temperature), on the materials included and on the process itself. This procedure can take brief periods of time (weeks and months) or long periods of time (10s or perhaps hundreds of years).

In other words, plastic products made from biomass (a type of bioplastic) are not necessarily naturally degradable. On the other hand, some petrol-based plastics might be eco-friendly.

The family of bioplastics can be divided into 3 main groups:
– bio-based (or partly bio-based) however non-biodegradable plastics (e.g. PE, PP, PET, PTT or TPC-ET);.
– plastics that are both bio-based and naturally degradable (e.g. PLA, PHA or PBS);.
– petrol-based plastics that are biodegradable (e.g. PBAT).

Video: Sustainable and Nespresso Pods by Moving Beans.

COMPOSTABLE.

Composting is also a procedure– a chemical procedure. In fact, it is the procedure of biodegradation under aerobic conditions (existence of complimentary oxygen) within an amount of time of 6-12 weeks. You require particular conditions of humidity, aeration and temperature level, for microorganisms, like fungis or bacteria and their enzymes, to be able to “absorb” the chain structure of eco-friendly plastics. The resulting final product are water, co2 and some biomass. The number and kind of microorganisms is also an essential element in this process. There are two ways to perform this process: industrially or home-compost.

Industrially compostable conditions are very particular and they have actually been specified under the European standard EN 13432 for product packaging items and adopted by the British Standard Institution under BS EN 13432 requirement. Only those product packaging items that fulfill the stringent criteria of the EN 13432 standard are given with the accreditation of OK-Compost Industrial and can be unambiguously considered industrially compostable. In practice, this implies that you can dispose this material in your organic waste bin for it to be sent to the closest industrial composting facility.

Home-compostable product packaging instead is not covered under one single widely-known standard however rather within several country-based ones. Due to the fact that the conditions in a home-compost are not that controllable as in the case of an industrial garden compost, this is. Under home-composting condition temperature levels and humidity can differ significantly from location to location, and year on year, not constantly attaining the right decomposition in a reasonable timeframe.

Nowadays, nevertheless, society and professionals in the field see the requirement for moving into this direction if we wish to end up being more sustainable. That is why we may see extremely intriguing advancements and developments in this home-composability area in the following decade.

Moving Beans is an entreprise that has been providing compostable Nespresso pods for a long time, with much more insights under Moving Beans. Do go through an interesting blog on compostable Nespresso pods. They were the first to provide truly sustainable Nespresso coffee pods.